Luis Gordillo (Seville, 1934), a contemporary of the Spanish informalism of the 1950s, is considered the pioneer of one of the most significant trends in Spain in the XNUMXs, Madrid figuration.
He began to study law in his hometown, but soon he abandoned it to dedicate himself to painting, and enrolled in the School of Fine Arts. In 1958 he traveled to Paris, where he became interested in the work of Jean Fautrier (1898-1964) and Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985). During this time he followed the aesthetic approaches of the avant-garde of Art Autre or Dau al Set, as can be seen in his first exhibition in Seville, in 1959, in the Information and Tourism Room. After another stay in Paris, his painting turned towards figuration, becoming interested in Francis Bacon and American Pop Art.
In the early 1960s, his Cabezas and Automovilistas series formed the first non-mimetic foray of a Spanish artist into international pop. His experience with psychoanalysis opens new ways and meanings to his work. He temporarily abandons painting, dedicating himself to making automatic drawings, which are exhibited in Madrid in 1971.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Gordillo has developed a cold painting both for its chromatic range and for his personal detachment from the themes, which place him halfway between the previous figuration and the new formulas of postmodern abstraction. In 1981 he was awarded the National Prize for Plastic Arts.